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Thurston: You know
where we're going? Osterloh: We have this idea that,
in the future, you can get help
wherever you are, for whatever you need.
It's almost like it's in the air. Thurston: Hey. What's up, man? Osterloh: How's it going?
Have you seen any of this stuff? Thurston: Never been here.
Osterloh: Come on in. Thurston: Thank you. Kwee: I'm not necessarily
designing this for myself. I'm designing it
for people out there that really could use
an assistant in their home. MacIntosh: There's a lot of sensors,
and processors, and machine learning. Things that are uniquely Google. Olsson: When you combine
the ultimate piece of technology and something so human
that's where magic happens. Giusti: This vision, to me,
it's really compelling, 'cause we can create a new generation
of products that truly helpful. Poupyrev: It helps you,
from the background… Thurston: Right.
Poupyrev: Run in the foreground, and the foreground is your life.

Thurston: Big picture.
What's the endgame? Osterloh: It's about making it
easier every day. Thurston: Making what easier? Osterloh: Life.
Thurston: Making life easier? Osterloh: Yes. Thurston: Let's take a look. Person: Here we go. Osterloh: Good morning. Morning. Thanks so much
for joining us here, in New York City, and for those on the live stream
for joining us, around the world. Thanks so much. We're gonna spend the next hour
talking about the problems we're working to solve for our users
and the ways we're delivering help for the way people
need it when they need it.

We'll also take you into our labs
with writer and cultural commentator Baratunde Thurston, to hear
from the folks at Google who personally develop, design,
and bring these products to life. Now, if you look across
all of Google's products, from Search to Maps, Gmail to Photos, our mission is to bring a more helpful Google for you. Creating tools that help you
increase your knowledge, success, health,
and happiness. Now, when we apply that mission
to hardware and services it means creating products
like these. New Pixel phones, wearables, laptops,
and Nest devices for the home. Each one is thoughtfully
and responsibly designed, to help you in your every day
without intruding on your life. Now, in the mobile era,
smartphones changed the world. It's super useful to have a powerful
computer everywhere you are, but it's even more useful when computing
is anywhere you need it.

Always available to help. Now, you heard me talk
about this idea with Baratunde that helpful computing
can be all around you. Ambient computing. Your devices work together
with services and AI, so help is anywhere
you want it, and it's fluid. The technology just fades into
the background when you don't need it. So the devices aren't
the center of the system. You are. That's our vision
for ambient computing. The Google Assistant plays
a critical role here. It pulls everything together
and gives you a familiar, natural way
to get the help you need.

Our users tell us they find
the Google Assistant to be smart, user friendly,
and reliable. And that's so important
for ambient technology. Interactions have to feel
natural and intuitive. Here's an example.
If you want to listen to music, the experience should be the same
whether you're in the kitchen, you're driving in your car,
or hanging out with friends. No matter what you're doing, you should just be able to say
the name of a song, and the music just plays. Without you having to pull out a phone,
and tap on screens, or push buttons. So think about how this vision
plays out in the home where ambient technology
can make life so much easier.

When you wake up
in the morning your home knows what you need
to start your day. You can get your commute,
find out when your first meeting starts, maybe play some music on whatever
speaker or screen is nearby. And when you leave your house
your lights, thermostat, door locks, security cameras–they all
just know what to do. And your devices go silent
and turn off notifications at night when you want to relax
without technology interrupting or distracting you.

So throughout your home technology
works as a single system, instead of a bunch of devices
doing their own thing. Now, we can bring this ambient
computing vision to gaming, as well. With Stadia, our new generation
cloud gaming platform, we're aiming to deliver
the best games ever made to almost any screen
in your life. So I'm excited to share
an update with y'all. Stadia will be available
on November 19th, so you'll be able to play games
wherever you want. On your TV, your laptop,
even your Pixel, which will be the first phone
to support Stadia when it launches. We're also creating a few areas to create more human
interactions with technology, like motion sense and the new
Google Assistant for Pixel 4.

So instead of being glued
to your phone, you can use quick gestures
and voice commands and then get back to your day. That push for quicker,
more natural interactions is leading us
in new hardware directions, too, extending the phone's
capabilities in new ways. Let's take a look. Thurston: This is clearly
a time machine. Olsson: Yeah, exactly. Thurston: And you're pretending
to use it to test ear buds. That's a great cover story.
Right. Left. Up. Down.
Hello. Olsson: Hi. Thurston: Isabelle?
I know you and your team led the design
for the ear buds. Olsson: We really wanted it
to just be a simple, tiny little dot
floating in your ear. What is a simpler form than a circle,
and how insanely tiny can we make it? 'Cause there's, like,
two computers in there. Thurston: Those are floating
computers in your head? Olsson: Yes, yeah. Thurston: Do you remember how you felt
when you first got the design brief for what these ear buds
were supposed to do? Yip: I think it's crazy. MacIntosh: Certainly, the assembly is
the really challenging part of this.

All of these pieces have to go together
with sub-millimeter precision. I don't think I would have imagined
we'd be able to build things with this kind of
processing power this small. There's a lot of sensors
and processors. Little bit like building
a ship in the bottle. What we've managed to do here
is not just make great headphones, but really putting in all of the other
things that are uniquely Google about this–the ability
to process your voice. Thurston: Hello.
MacIntosh: And to make a call clear, even when you're riding
a bicycle down the sidewalk. Thurston: Yeah, yeah. Okay. MacIntosh: A lot of software.
A lot of machine learning. It's the magic
that powers the product.

Turns a great set of headphones
into a Google set of headphones. Osterloh: All right. That was a sneak peek
at the all-new Google Pixel buds. So you can start to get an idea
of what ambient computing feels like. With Pixel buds help is there
when you want it, and the experience just comes to you,
even when your phone's not in your hand. For instance, you can get
hands-free access to the assistant. So instead of turning to your phone
for quick tasks, you can just say, "Hey, Google," and ask the assistant
for whatever you need. Resume your podcast,
send a quick text, get directions, or even understand another
language with Google Translate.

Pixel buds even have a long-range
Bluetooth connection which keeps you connected, even when your phone
isn't by your side, so you can wear them in the yard
when your phone might be charging inside or leave your phone in a locker,
if you're working out in a gym. Indoors, Pixel buds'll stay
connected up to three rooms away, and outside, they'll work across
an entire football field. Of course, Pixel buds
won't be truly helpful, unless they're also
great headphones. They have to have
excellent sound quality. They've gotta be comfortable
to wear all the time, and they need to last
long enough to be useful. That's a lot to ask
of a pair of headphones, especially because they also
need to be unobtrusive too. So we did some intricate
origami with Pixel buds, to make sure everything fit. Custom speakers.
Sensors. Custom battery. That's usually what makes
these wireless ear buds stick so far out of your ears, but Pixel buds gives you
plenty of battery life to get through your day. You'll have five hours of continuous
listening time on a single charge and up to 24 hours when you're using
a wireless charging case.

Now, even with all those components
and long battery life, you can see Pixel buds
fits almost flush with the ear. They're so small and light it's easy
to forget you're wearing 'em. At the same time, Pixel buds
deliver excellent sound quality. Now, you typically
have to choose between great sound and awareness
of the world around you, but Pixel buds gives you both
with a unique hybrid design. The ear buds gently seal the ear
for rich bass and clear highs, and the spatial vent underneath reduces
that plugged-ear feeling and lets through just the right amount
of environmental sound.

On the software side,
Pixel buds respond to your surroundings with a new adaptive sound.
The volume dynamically adjusts, as you move from the quiet of your home
to a subway or a noisy cafe, and you don't have to constantly
raise or lower the volume. When you're on a call, beam-forming
mikes focus on your voice while voice accelerometers detect
speech through your jawbone, so a loud restaurant
or a windy day won't get in the way
of your conversation. Pixel buds will be available
in the spring of next year, and we'll share more details
in the coming months, including a few of
the helpful experiences that make good use of the
on-device machine learning chips.

So as you can see, this ambient
computing era's going to bring all kinds of new interfaces,
services, and devices, but it's also introducing
new challenges. When computing's always available
designing for security and privacy becomes more important
than ever. You need to know
that your data's safe. Protecting your data
and respecting your privacy are at the core
of everything we do. We've designed strong protections
across our hardware family, like the Titan security chip
in our phones and laptops.

Titan protects your most personal
on-device information, your OS data, passwords,
even information in third-party apps. And we know that privacy is personal
which is why you have the controls, so that you can choose the settings
you want that are right for you. We make it easy to access
simple on/off controls, including turning cameras
and mikes on your Nest devices off. And you can now delete
assistant data just by asking. Everything is designed
with your privacy in mind, and you'll see examples of that
throughout today's presentation.

Now, we're also gonna
talk today about our work to create more sustainable
products and processes. Developing sustainable solutions
to mass production and consumption is one of the biggest
challenges we face today, as an industry. It impacts all of us,
and it will for generations to come. Now, we believe
Google has both the ability and the responsibility
to create systemic change. As a company, we've been focused
on sustainability for a long time. Google's operations have been
carbon neutral since 2007, and for the past two years, we've matched all of Google's
energy consumption with 100%
renewable energy. And we're continuing to expand access
to clean energy to more people, including our suppliers
and the communities where our products are made. So today we're announcing
that Google's committing to invest another $150 million in renewable energy projects
in key manufacturing regions.

Our investment… [applause] Our investment, alongside financial and manufacturing partners, aims to catalyze
$1.5 billion of capital. Now, this'll generate approximately
the same amount of renewable energy as the electricity
used to manufacture Made by Google products. So when you choose
to buy hardware products from Google you're contributing
to bringing renewable energy to communities
around the world. Sustainable, secure and private,
and of course helpful. That's the Google way
to make hardware and services. Now, we're excited
to share with you how we build these principles
into our products, and here's Ivy Ross,
who leads our design team, who's gonna talk about
some of our recent work in responsible
manufacturing and design. Ross: Thanks, Rick.
I'm happy to be back in New York, to discuss our design
philosophy at Google and tell you about a few things
that we've been working on. I grew up not too far
from here, in the Bronx, and my dad was
a designer–industrial designer, too, and he worked for the legendary
industrial designer Raymond Loewy, on automobiles and a lot
of other consumer goods.

When I was little he even made me
my own little roadster. I can remember spending hours
in his studio, as a kid, tinkering with different
tools and materials. And something I learned early on
is that, at its core, design is about
solving problems for people. Whether you're designing a building,
an automobile, packaging, or even a phone the goal
is to create unique solutions to the world's challenges.
And sustainability is one of the fundamental
challenges of our generation. You know, when you look
at how most things are made today it just doesn't make sense.
In all too many cases, devices are manufactured
with dirty energy, from precious minerals
and materials that are rapidly depleted
and with technology that becomes obsolete in a short time
and then thrown away. Right now, we're truly looking
at sustainability from every angle. For years, we've been pushing
what's possible in design, manufacturing,
and new materials. We've been able to include
recycled plastics in products like Chromecast
and the new Stadia controller. And today, I'm happy to share
that all of our Nest products launching in 2019 include
recycled plastics. Instead of these materials
ending up in the ocean or in landfill, we're giving them a new life.

We've designed and engineered
the fabric on our Nest mini speaker so it's made from 100%
recycled plastic bottles. A single half-liter bottle produces enough textiles to cover
more than two Nest minis, and we didn't compromise
on aesthetics or function. We created beautiful
recycled fabrics in colors that blend into your home while hitting
the same rigorous technical and acoustical requirements. We continue to focus
on products that empower people to reduce their own
environmental impact, as well.

Our Nest team has been at the forefront
of these efforts since 2011, and as of this month,
Nest thermostats have helped consumers save more than 41 billion
kilowatts hours of energy. Enough to power all of Denver's
electricity needs for six years. Rick just filled you in on our
new renewable energy investment, and as of last month,
Google is offsetting 100% of the carbon generated by our shipping partners
for all customer orders. We have so much more to do,
but by working with our suppliers, manufacturers
on these initiatives, our goal is to clear the way
for the entire industry and our planet to benefit.

Another sustainability goal is
simply reducing the amount of hardware you need to buy,
in the first place. What if you didn't need
to upgrade a bulky, new game console
every few years? With Stadia we're actually
consolidating devices, so the only hardware you need
is a controller and a screen to play your games
anywhere, any time. To give people
a great gaming experience, we designed the first
cloud-based controller. You know, great design isn't just
about how something looks. It's also about how it feels, and subtle design differences
can have a profound effect.

And we wanted the controller
to be comfortable in the hands of all gamers. We found design inspiration
in some unlikely places. Thurston: Hey.
Pi: How's it going? Thurston: Good, man. Nice to meet you. Pi: Come on in.
Thurston: All right. Pi: When I go to these
really nice kitchens they all have
these simple knives. Like, none of them look like
the grocery store knives… Thurston: Yeah.
Pi: With all the grips and details. It's really uncomfortable,
if you rotate your hand around.

The reason why most
professional kitchens have knives like this
is you can use it in many ways, so that is a starting point
for the controller. We literally took a knife handle,
and we bent it. It's like, "Oh,"
like we're on to something. Thurston: Yeah. Pi: So from there, that one ancestor basically had hundreds
and hundreds of kids. I kept building on it patiently.
Thurston: Yeah. Pi: Until it became that, and it's made
for small and large hands, so it's super usable
for a large segment of gamers… Thurston: Yeah.
Pi: That aren't always appreciated. Chanen: Jason was very, very insistent
that we have a non-visible screw design. Pi: It's super important to give it
that nice, clean look… Thurston: Yeah.
Pi: Instead of punching a bunch of holes onto the back. Chanen: That was one of the biggest
challenges for product design.

We think it's really worth it. It makes it very comfortable
in the hand, and seamless, and Googley. Thurston: Oh, wow. That was impressive.
Good work. Ross: We worked with thousands of people
playing hours and hours of games, to test our controller
against all of its limits. It needs to feel right for
as many people as possible. Putting people at the center
of our design is integral to our process and our principles,
whether it's hardware or software, creating truly helpful products
for people starts with empathy. One of our earliest projects
we tackled within hardware team was designing
a new kind of laptop that could deliver performance
and versatility in a truly beautiful form.

We wanted to physically
embody the speed and simplicity that people love
about Chrome OS. The result was the original Pixelbook.
The response was great. People really love
the award-winning design, the keyboard, and the speed.
So over the past couple of years, we've been working really hard
to bring that kind of experience to even more people,
at a more affordable price. I actually believe
that you can be more creative when designing within constraints, so once again, we started
with our users' needs, especially portability
and battery life. We wanted to create a thin
and light laptop that was really fast
and also have it last all day.

And of course, we wanted it
to look and feel beautiful. We landed on Pixelbook Go. The design is so distinctive
with an incredibly light magnesium that lets us create a very smooth,
matte finish in great colors. Pixelbook Go comes in
just black and not pink, one of the iconic colors
we introduced on Pixel 3, and we created a new rippled,
wavy bottom that's easy to grip. Pixelbook Go is lighter
than Pixelbook, but we still managed to add a battery
that is 15% larger, making it easier
to keep working all day. We also spent a lot of time making sure the keyboard
is comfortable and quiet. We took all of our learnings
from the original Pixelbook and really refined the design. We ended up with keys
that feel great to use and are even quieter
than the original.

And with Chrome OS, Pixelbook
Go is always fast, secure, and all your devices
stay in sync with each other. Everything about Pixelbook Go is designed to address
real user needs, for an affordable price. You can preorder it now
in just black with not pink coming soon. Next up, my colleague Rishi Chandra will tell you
about the work we've been doing to make life
at home a little easier. Thank you. Chandra: Hey, everyone. I'm excited
to give an update on Google Nest and our mission
to create the helpful home. So last month we launched
Nest Hub Max which is a great example
of the power of ambient computing. See your photos come to life
with a screen that automatically adjusts
to your lighting conditions. Pause your music and videos
with a simple hand gesture. And it automatically adjusts
the information and controls, based on your proximity
to the device. At Nest, we want to put people first
and build technology around their needs.

It's the difference between just being
smart and being truly helpful. So while the rest of the industry's
focused on standalone devices, our focus is on building
whole home solutions that bring together technology
to provide real help for real homes. And the most important place
to get this right is privacy. It's your home. The most personal,
private space in your life. So in May, we published
a clear set of privacy commitments which helps you understand
how our technology works. Today, we want to share how these
commitments extend beyond Google, to our third-party ecosystem
of partners. So we're announcing
an update to our Works with Google
Assistant program. We're working with partners
to migrate their working Works with Nest integrations
that people know and love, but doing it built on a foundation
of privacy and security. For example, we're requiring partners
to pass a security review, before they can even request
access to your Nest devices.

You should have confidence
in how Google and its partners are protecting your home data. And then you can focus on,
instead, the great benefits
of the helpful home. For example,
let's talk about home audio. It used to cost thousands of dollars
and a professional installation, if you wanted seamless audio
throughout your home. Well, Google changed all that
with a whole-home audio solution that is simple, affordable,
and sounds great. It started several years ago
with the launch of Chromecast, making it easy to use
your phone or your voice to play content
on your favorite devices. And with Google Home Mini,
home audio got even more affordable with a great-sounding speaker
with multi-room support. And with Nest Hub Max,
you now have a home media control center right on your smart display.

And it all works seamlessly
together with stream transfer where you can naturally move
content around your home. So for example,
I can start a playlist or watch a show on my Nest Hub Max
in the kitchen, and when I'm done cooking
just say, "Hey, Google. Move this
to the living room TV." And it'll pick up right
where I left off. It's really easy. Now, for a lot of people,
Google Home Mini was a perfect starter kit
for your audio system. And today, we're introducing
the next generation–Nest Mini. It's even more capable with
the same affordable price point and the same iconic design.
So let's start with the design. Colors really help Mini blend
naturally into your home, and you now have
a new color option called sky. And as Ivy mentioned,
all of our fabric is made from 100% recycled plastic bottles.
Now, we also heard from you.

You want a little more flexibility
of where to place Mini, so we added
a simple wall mount. It really looks great
anywhere in your home. Now, the original mini
was designed to pack in great sound
in a really small form. And with Nest Mini you get
even better-quality sound. 2X stronger bass and even
more clear and natural sound. And for those times
when your home gets loud, like it does at mine,
we added a third mike, to hear you better
in noisy environments. Nest Mini also got
a really cool new superpower. There's a dedicated machine
learning chip with up to one
TeraOPS of compute. So for the first time, core experiences
of the Google Assistant can come from the datacenter
and be moved, instead, to run locally
on your device. Simply put, things are
gonna get a lot faster, as it learns
your family's frequent commands. Finally, Nest Mini also powers an
amazing home communication system. A home intercom,
so you can talk room to room. A home alert system telling you
who's at the front door.

A home phone allowing you
to call anyone in the world, for free,
using Google Duo. I can even use my phone
to call my Nest devices. It works great for those
times I'm leaving work, and I want to ask the family
what they want for dinner. So that's the new Nest Mini. Our next step in bringing
seamless audio and communication to more homes
around the world. Okay. Now, let's talk
about home awareness. One of our core products
is Nest Aware which, combined with our Nest cams, provides intelligent alerts
and camera history. Now, lots of our users
have multiple cameras, and we've heard from you
that our Nest Aware pricing can get a little
expensive and complicated. So today, we're announcing
a new whole home pricing model. For one monthly rate,
you get Nest Aware support across all your Nest devices
in your home.

So whether you have two cameras
or you have ten cameras, you pay the same
monthly rate. And you can choose between
two different pricing plans, depending on your needs.
We even added more video history. The new Nest Aware will be
rolling out early next year, and it'll be easy to switch
over your existing plan. Now, as part of the new
Nest Aware subscription, we're also unlocking the power
of speakers and displays, to be a part
of your home awareness system. So devices like Nest Mini
or Nest Hub can be your ears when you're
on the road or on vacation. We use on-device AI–sound detection
AI–to pick up critical sounds, like barking dogs or smoke
and carbon monoxide alarms, and we send an alert
to your phone.

So now, in one go, even those basic
smoke alarms become smart smoke alarms. And when you get an alert
you have the option to her the alert or listen live,
to confirm the alarm. Now, if it is an emergency,
the home app can directly connect you to the 911 call center
closest to you, regardless of where
in the world you are. So in those critical moments,
the last thing you want to do is scramble to find
a local emergency dispatcher. Now, these notifications
will be part of the new Home app which actually includes
a new feature called the home feed. It brings together all the notifications
and snippets from your devices, organizes 'em,
and highlights the important stuff, so you can quickly see priority items,
or you get a general recap of the day. So that's the new Nest Aware. More affordable with more features
and support for more devices. Okay. Finally, let's talk
about home connectivity. You can have the best home setup
in the world, but it's nothing without great
Wi-Fi coverage.

That's why we launched Google
Wi-Fi three years ago, and since launch, it has been the number one selling mesh
Wi-Fi system on the market. And in 2019, it is the top-selling
router of any kind, and it's a router that actually gets
better over time with automatic updates, to add parental controls,
improve performance, and enable Google's
latest security features. Well, today, we're also updating
the hardware with Nest Wi-Fi. Now, the Nest Wi-Fi system's
actually two devices. The router plugs into your modem
and creates a powerful home network. The point expands
your coverage. Now, working together
they create a single, strong Wi-Fi connection
throughout your entire home. And our updated hardware
and software delivers up to 2X the speed
and up to 25% better coverage. So now, the Nest Wi-Fi system
only needs one router and one point, to cover around 85% of homes
in the U.S. Now, we're also solving a common problem
you find with routers today. Most of them get hidden
in a closet or cabinet, because truthfully,
they're pretty ugly which reduces their signal
intention by 50%.

Nest Wi-Fi is designed
to be out in the open where it performs at its best
with a range of colors that'll naturally blend
into your home. And of course,
it's really simple to use. With the Google Home app you can set up
your Nest Wi-Fi network in minutes, and once you're set up,
it's easy to share your Wi-Fi password, manage your network,
set a schedule for the kids, or create a guest network. Nest Wi-Fi also provides a foundation
for your smart home connectivity. We're working with
a growing list of partners to enable seamless setup
in the Home app. And with support for BLE and Thread we can talk
to smart home devices locally, so you don't have to buy
a separate hub.

Stay tuned for even more partner
announcements, over the next few months. Lastly, we added a Google Assistant
smart speaker to the Nest Wi-Fi point, so it does everything
the Nest Mini does. Plays your music with great sound,
provides answers to your questions, and lets you control smart
devices with just your voice. So now, you can broadcast a message
to your kids that it's time for dinner. And if that doesn't work,
try saying, "Hey, Google, pause
Wi-Fi for kids' devices." Pretty sure that'll work.
So that's the new Nest Wi-Fi. Better coverage, smart home support,
and the Google Assistant. It'll be available
starting on November 4th. With new, affordable home solutions
for audio, awareness, and connectivity, everyone now can start building
their own helpful home.

Thank you. female announcer: Right now,
in Mountain View, it's 68 and sunny. Today, it'll be sunny
with a forecasted high of 72, and a low of–
Kwee: Hey, Google. Volume ten. Hey, John.
Can you come here for a sec? Thurston: So you use this room to test? Kwee: Right, so we use this type
of setting to really stress
the microphones. Thurston: Okay. Kwee: Right now,
I'm talking to it this way, but sometimes our devices are higher,
and sometimes they're lower, you know? Thurston: 'Cause I might be down here. Kwee: Yeah, exactly. You know, because it's gonna
be in so many rooms, it's sort of a privilege
to, you know, like–but we gotta get
this right, you know? Thurston: Yeah. Kwee: I come from a family
of immigrants, and they all have accents. And it's important for me
to design products that, you know, my parents can use
and that it works for everyone. At Google, like, everyone sort of
has their slogan of, like, what their passion is.
And on mine it's actually, "Be heard." It obviously goes into, like,
the stuff that I work on, but also, you know, speaking up
when things don't feel right.

What this represents is an entire
Google team's voice of, "We got here,
because we worked together." Thurston: You know what's kind of cool
about that is when multiple voices come together to express sound
in a coherent and beautiful way. Kwee: Yeah?
Thurston: We call that harmony. Kwee: There you go. Harmony. With Wi-Fi. Ellis: Hi.
I'm Sabrina, from the Pixel team. Now, let's talk about
how Google's ambient computing vision comes to life
when you're on the go.

Pixel 4 introduces entirely
new helpful experiences with more natural interactions. It's completely redesigned
with a new look, a new color, and a beautiful new finish. And Pixel 4 includes camera
features and sensors that you're not gonna find
on any other phone. Let's start there.
Five years ago, our advanced technologies
team began its project Soli, to investigate radar capabilities.
Radar's been around for a long time, and it's still one of the best ways
to sense motion. It's precise, low power,
and it's fast. There were lots of
exciting possibilities, but here's what our first sensor
looked like when we started working on Soli. Radar sensors have always been way
too big to fit in a phone, so we shrunk it down into a tiny chip,
but that still wasn't small enough.

So we had to shrink
it down even more. Pixel 4 is the first smartphone
with a radar sensor. It powers the new motion
sense capabilities, for more human interactions
with your phone. For instance, Pixel 4 has the fastest
secure face unlock on a smartphone, because the process starts before
you've even picked up your phone. Motion sense prepares the camera
when you reach for your Pixel 4, so you don't need to tap the screen.
It's so much faster and smoother. Motion sense can power down your phone
when you walk away and turn it back on
when you approach your phone. It also lets you control your Pixel
with simple gestures. Swipe to skip a song. Silence a call.

Wave hello to Pikachu. And the Soli team is working on
a wide range of helpful new features, from gaming to personal wellness.
Here's a quick look. Giusti: It's a very famous saying
that any advanced technology becomes indistinguishable from magic. That's one of the things
we talked about with Soli. It's a magical sensor. Thurston: I did it!
I touched without touching. Lien: Radar has a lot of very
interesting properties that would be very useful
for human/computer interaction. You can shrink it down. Thurston: All of this is now in there?
Yes. Lien: That's right. Yeah.
It can sense through materials. It's extremely sensitive, for motion.
Thurston: Yeah. Giusti: And so we built this
new interaction paradigm, based on the understanding
of body language… Thurston: Yeah.
Giusti: Distances, and gestures. Poupyrev: How can we make the language
interaction with technology closer to what we do naturally,
in the real world? Giusti: Then, of course,
we really need to test, to distinguish between intentional
and unintentional gestures.

Just because I wave
on top of the device… Thurston: Yeah. Giusti: Doesn't mean that I want
to skip a song. If I pick up coffee cup, this gesture
is very similar to a swipe. And this is really important,
and I can do this… Thurston: Whoa.
Giusti: And it actually works. With Soli we can try
to understand more about the implicit behavior
that happen around the device. Thurston: The phone knows earlier
what your intention is. Giusti: Exactly. Let's say
the alarm goes off. Really annoying.
Thurston: Yeah. Giusti: As you reach,
we can lower the volume. Thurston: Ahh.
Giusti: The phone is more polite, and then you can just go gesture,
to shut it off.

This moment of understanding
each other happen all the time, between us,
but they never happen with technology. What we can do with the radar
is to actually capture aspect of non-verbal communication. And as a first step,
in Pixel 4, with motion sense, is to get us close as possible to the
intuitive-ness of verbal interaction. Thurston: Silence. Ellis: Since the Soli sensor can detect
the environment around Pixel 4, privacy had to be built in,
from the start. You can turn motion sense
on or off, at any time. And when it's on all of the sensor's
data is processed right on your Pixel.

It's never saved or shared
with other Google services. And motion sense
isn't the only way we're making your phone interactions
faster and more natural. The Google Assistant is now
deeply integrated into Pixel 4's OS and across your apps. You can quickly open apps,
search across your phone, share what's on your screen,
and a lot more. The Assistant can simplify
multitasking, too, with a clean, new interface.
Check this out. Just give Pixel 4 a quick squeeze.
Show me Maggie Rogers, on Twitter.

What are her concert dates?
Share this with Vivian. Reply, "Let's go see her."
Open Search for
Maggie Rogers events. A key way we're making
the assistant this fast is with an on-device version
of our language models that run in our datacenter, so they can run locally,
right on your Pixel 4. This means the new assistant
uses a hybrid model. It can respond to many day-to-day
requests on device, like starting a timer
or connecting for requests like, "Is my flight on time?" You also have new ways
to manage your data.

Choose a time limit for how long
you want your activity data to be saved
in your Google account, or just tell the assistant to delete
everything you sent to it today, or this week, and it will. You're in control, and you can
ask it more details by asking, "Hey, Google, how do you
keep my data safe?" We're taking the same care
to protect your on-device data, too, with Titan M
and other security features. Last year's Pixel 3 scored the highest
for built-in security for a smartphone, according to Gartner.
We built Titan M into Pixel 4, as well, to protect your most sensitive
on-device data, like your passwords, your OS data,
and now, your face unlock model. Your phone has some of your
most personal, private information, and we have a responsibility
to keep it safe and secure. Now, how many of you have tried
a voice recorder app? I know I've tried
a few thinking, "I'll be able to get organized
by recording notes to myself, interesting lectures,
important events," but then I end up with a bunch
of untitled audio clips that I really don't know
what to do with.

So we created a new kind
of audio recorder that taps into our speech
recognition and AI. Let's see it in action. We've had a Pixel 4 recording the show,
for the past few minutes. As you can see,
with one tap I can get recorder transcribing my words,
in real time, as I'm saying them. Now, to show this is live,
it is now 10:44. And it's pretty accurate.
This means you can transcribe meetings, lectures, interviews,
or anything you want to save. Eric, backstage, is going
to save this recording.

And now, I can go into the search bar
and find whatever I'm looking for. I can search for sounds,
words, phrases. Let's see all the times
I've mentioned Pixel, across my entire library of recordings.
The places where the word "Pixel" are said are highlighted in yellow,
in the playback bar, so you can dive into the exact part
of the recording you're looking for. It's pretty cool, and you'll notice
this phone is actually in airplane mode. All this recorder functionality
happened on device.

Now, I want to take a minute
to talk about Pixel 4's OLED display. DisplayMate has awarded
Pixel 4 XL their highest score, an A+ rating, together with
the best smartphone display award. In five key areas, like color
accuracy and image contrast, DisplayMate
classified Pixel 4 XL's display as visually
indistinguishable from perfect. Pixel 4 is also our first smartphone
with a 90 Hz refresh rate,
and we've added some smarts. The refresh rate adjusts on its own,
depending on what you are doing, so you get a great visual experience
while still preserving battery life. Pixel 4 brings together so many helpful
new technologies and capabilities, and you'll get the best
Android experience with Android 10. And you're the first in line to get
the latest OS updates and features.

We also want to make sure you get
the best experience out of the box, so Pixel 4 comes with
three months of Google One for new, eligible members.
You get lots of premium features, including pro sessions,
for one-on-one virtual help. So if you have a question
about your settings or want a few tips for the camera,
we are there for you. The new Pixel comes
in three colors–just black, clearly white, and a limited edition
called oh so orange. It also comes in two sizes,
both with the same features, and both available
for preorder starting today.

Shipping starts on October 24th. And we're excited that people will be
able to find Pixel in even more places. We're expanding
our carrier partnerships, so Pixel 4 is now available
through every major U.S. carrier. Now, we didn't forget about the camera.
For the past three years, Pixel set the standard
for smartphone cameras with incredible capabilities, like HDR plus, super res zoom,
top shot, and of course, Night Sight. With Pixel 4 we're raising
that bar yet again, and it all starts
with this little square. Basically, a miniaturized camera
rig right on the back of your phone. You can see the rear, wide,
and telephoto cameras, a hyper spectral sensor, a mike for your videos
and Instagram stories, and a flash that we hope
you'll use mostly as a flashlight.

But it's there, just in case. But the hardware isn't what makes
our camera so much better. The special sauce that makes
our Pixel camera unique is our computational photography. And who better to talk about it than Professor Marc Levoy,
from Google Research? Levoy: Thanks, Sabrina.
It's great to be here. There's a saying
among photographers that what's important to taking
a great picture is, in order, subject, lighting, lens,
and the camera body. It's their way of saying
that it doesn't matter which SLR body you use, unless you get the first
three elements right. Well, here's a slightly different
take on this list.

Subject, lighting,
lens, software. So by "software" I mean
computational photography, so what does that mean? It means doing less with
hard-wired circuitry and more with code. I like to call it
a software-defined camera. It typically means capturing
and combining multiple pictures, to make a single, better picture.
One version of this is HDR plus. The technology we've used for
taking photos on every Pixel phone. When you tap the shutter button we capture a burst of up
to nine pictures. These pictures
are deliberately underexposed to avoid blowing
out highlights.

We align them using software
and average them which reduces noise
in the shadows. This lets us
brighten the shadows, giving you detail in both
the highlights and the shadows. In fact, there's a simple formula.
Noise goes down as the square root of the number of images
you average together. So if you use nine images,
you get 1/3 as much noise. This isn't mad science.
It's just simple physics. By the way, on the left
is our raw output, if you enable that in the app. There's something else about this list.
It says the lens is important.

Without quibbling
about the order on the list, some subjects are farther away
than you'd like, so it does help telephoto shots
to have a telephoto lens. So Pixel 4 has a roughly
2X telephoto lens, plus our super
res zoom technology. In other words, a hybrid
of optical and digital zoom which we use on both the main
and telephoto lenses, so you get sharp imagery
throughout the zoom range. Here's an example.
You probably think this is a 1X photo. It's not. It's a zoom taken from way…back…here. By the way, super res zoom
is real multi-frame super resolution, meaning that pinch zooming
before you take the shot gives you a sharper photo
than cropping afterwards, so don't crop like this. Compose the shot
you want by pinch zooming. Also, by the way, most popular
SLR lenses do magnify scenes, not shrink them. So while wide angle can be fun
we think telephoto is more important. So what new
computational photography features are we launching with Pixel 4?
Four of them. First, live HDR plus. Everyone here is familiar
with HDR plus' signature look and its ability
to capture extreme brights and darks in a way
that looks crisp and natural.

But even phones with good HDR solutions
can't compute them in real time, so the viewfinder often looks
different from the final image. In this example,
the window is blown out, on the viewfinder, which might tempt you
into fiddling with the exposure. This year, we're using machine
learning to approximate HDR plus in the viewfinder, so you get our signature look
while you compose your shot. We call this feature
live HDR plus, so the industry's most successful
HDR solution is now real time and WYSIWYG–what you see
is what you get. Now, if we have
an intrinsically HDR camera, we should have HDR controls for it. So Pixel 4 has dual exposure controls. Here's an example.
This is a nice HDR plus shot, but maybe you would like
to try it as a silhouette.

So you tap on the screen,
and lower the brightness slider a bit. That mainly changes
the capture exposure. Then you lower
the shadow slider a lot. That mainly changes
the tone mapping, and voila, you get
a different artistic vision. Try doing that
with any other cell phone. So separate sliders
for brightness and shadows while you compose your shot. It's a different way of thinking
about controlling exposure in a camera. Second, white balancing
in photography is a hard problem. Mathematicians call it
an ill-posed problem. Is this snow blue, the way
this SLR originally captured it, or is it white snow
illuminated by a blue sky? We know that snow is white.
With enough training so can the camera. We've been using learning-based white
balancing in Night Sight since Pixel 3.

In Pixel 4, we're using it
in all photo modes, so you get truer colors,
especially in tricky lighting. Here's a tough case.
An ice cave. It's blue light,
but not a blue person. And here's what it looks like
with Pixel 4's white balancing. Third, we've continued
to improve portrait mode with our dual pixel
or split pixel technology. We've always been good
at portraits and at macro shots. This year, we're computing depth,
again using machine learning, from both dual pixels
and dual cameras, which gives us accurate
depth farther from the camera. This extends portrait mode
to large objects and stand-further-back portraits. We also have a luscious
new SLR-like boke. That's the shape of the blur. Look at the lights
on either side of her head. We're doing better on hair
and dog fur which are hard. And of course, we still
do great selfie portraits. Fourth and last, we have continued
to improve Night Sight, in many ways,
and extended it to a use case that has always been sort of
a holy grail, for me.

You could have taken this dusk
shot using Pixel 3 last year. Using Pixel 4 you can
take this nighttime picture, from the same viewpoint. In the year
since we launched it, Night Sight has been called everything
from fake to sorcery. Well, it's neither. Think back to the mathematics
that I explained at the beginning. Astrophotography is about taking
longer exposures and more of them. Up to 16 seconds times
15 exposures. That's four minutes,
but it's a single shutter press, and it's fully automatic. By the way, you can't do this
with a single long exposure.

In four minutes, the stars do move,
and trees wave in the wind. So you need robust alignment
and merging of multiple pictures. And for a four-minute exposure,
we do recommend a tripod, or you can prop
your phone on a rock. Is there machine learning?
Yes. We use it for white balancing,
as I mentioned. We also use semantic segmentation
in all our photo modes and have for years,
to brighten faces in HDR plus, a feature we call
synthetic fill flash, to separate foregrounds
from backgrounds, in portrait shots, and to darken and de-noise
skies in Night Sight. Is there computational photography?
There's lots of that too. Digital sensors are prone to hot pixels
that are stuck at red, green, or blue. The longer the exposure
the more hot pixels. Our exposures are pretty long, so we need some clever algorithms
to remove those hot pixels. By the way, that's our
astrophotography field testing team. And yes, they sat still
for a long time, for this shot. So where does this game stop?
What can't we capture, using Pixel 4? Well, we can capture the moon which,
by the way, required some fiddling with those dual exposure
controls I told you about.

And we can capture
a moonlit landscape. This is not daytime.
It's the middle of the night, and the landscape is illuminated
only by the moon. See the stars? But what we can't do,
including on Pixel 4 today, is capture both at once,
in the same picture. The problem here is
that the moon is blown out, and the Marin headlands, at the bottom,
are just a silhouette. The dynamic range–the difference
in brightness between a full moon and a moonlit landscape
is 19 F stops. That's 19 doublings.
About half a million times brighter. Way beyond the range of any
consumer camera, even an SLR.

So is this scene forever
impossible with a cell phone? Remember what I said at the beginning,
about software-defined camera. Pixel is committed to making its cameras
better with software updates, so stay tuned on this one. To sum up, four new
computational photography features. Live HDR plus with dual
exposure controls. Learning-based white balancing. Wider-range portrait mode
with an SLR boke and Night Sight
with astral photography. Oh, and remember,
you can use Night Sight for many things
besides stars. Many things, so go out there,
and be creative with Pixel 4. Now, it's my honor to introduce
one of my favorite artists who has spent her career creating some
of the most memorable photographs of the last 50 years.
12 months ago, we gave her a Pixel, and she's taken it all over the country,
to build a new collection of portraits. She also gives us suggestions
and candid feedback which we've taken to heart,
in the tuning of the Pixel 4 camera.

So please welcome
my friend Annie Leibovitz, along with our own Lily Lin. Lin: Thank you, Marc. Hi, Annie. Leibovitz: Thank you, Marc.
Thank you, Marc. Thank you, Marc. Lin: Thanks for joining us today. Leibovitz: This is an extraordinary
opportunity that Google gave me, and I've always been interested
in the camera phone and, you know,
what it could do and what it–you know,
what its potential was.

And Google came to me
and said, "We'd like to support you in
some sort of artistic endeavor," and we thought of this project.
And I mean it's obvious the–what's interesting
about a camera phone, I mean, is you can carry it
in your pocket, for example. But go ahead. I'm sorry.
Lin: No, no. It's great. I know that you've been using
the camera for over a year now, to shoot a collection
of photographs.

Some of which we're seeing
the behind-the-scenes here. Can you tell us more
about the project? Leibovitz: Well, we started really
with the Pixel 3, and you know, I was very,
you know, suspicious and, you know,
very careful with it. And it really became an exercise
in light, and composition, and content. And then when the Pixel 4
came along I was kind of very impressed
about how I relaxed with it, and just glided with it,
and used it, and really just enjoyed
taking pictures.

I'm really towards the end of–I mean
we're going to be doing more work, but towards the end of the work
that we were doing I felt like I was just beginning
to sort of get it. And I just let the camera
do the work, quite honestly,
and really enjoyed myself. But the project–the
people–I mean– Lin: Some of which we have here today.
Noor, and Chase, and Idris. Leibovitz: Noor and Chase–I just…
It's incredible. I mean, the people made the project. We really turned to people who care,
and people who matter, and people who are doing things
that give us hope across the board. And you know, every single person
that we photographed is doing something that they care
about what they're doing, and they represent, you know,
great parts of us who are getting on with it,
you know? Lin: Change-makers I think is what
I've heard you call them.

True change-makers around the country,
so you've been traveling. Speaking of country–traveling
across the country shooting these
amazing subjects. Leibovitz: When Google first came to me, you know, they sort of totally
seduced me by saying, "Would you like to drive
across the country?" And then, you know–and that
turned into, of course, you know, going back to people, so– Lin: Yeah. It's great. Leibovitz: If you see what I did
was I decided to take two photographs, to create a portrait, and 'cause it's hard to say
what you want to say about a person, especially these extraordinary
people, in one picture. And so I made it a diptych
and took two photographs, for example, with Sarah Zorn,
from the Citadel. There's a photograph of her,
you know, almost on graduation day,
in her uniform. But next to her is a photograph
of the boots she wore for four years,
you know, every single day so. Lin: Well, so I have to ask. I'm so curious, because you have access
to the world's best camera equipment, so how is it different
with this project, just having what you have
in your pocket now? What is that experience like? Leibovitz: Well, I've been using,
like everyone else, you know,
camera phones for a while.

And the whole idea was, "Can you use it to go out
and do work, as a photographer?" And I was dying for this,
to be given this opportunity, by Google, to sort of develop, you know, the camera phone
for a photographer and how to use it. And you know, as I said before,
it was a little bit of a rough start, and then I just relaxed,
and I really–totally enjoying myself. One of the last shoots with Meg,
the soccer player, it really felt like
we were just floating. Lin: Yeah. Leibovitz: I mean she was really
a beautiful–anyway, she was just a beautiful muse,
and I took these photographs that I wasn't really thinking
about the camera or thinking, you know,
just really composing. And the light was beautiful,
and she had that red shock of hair, and you know–
Lin: It's great.

Leibovitz: You just–it was great. Lin: That's right.
Well, so before we go, since I have you, I have to ask. What pro tips do you have
for all of us here who want to take beautiful images
like this with the phone in your pocket? Leibovitz: Oh, it's all inside you. I mean you just go out,
and you do it, and it's all there.

I think what's great about,
you know, the camera phone–I mean
my children use this camera, and I mean we all
are using this camera. And it's a brand new language,
and you know, if you want to do something
more specific, then, you know, you may
fall into another category, and you are a photographer. But it's just really great that this
is available for everyone to use. Lin: Yeah.
The democratization of photography is what I've heard you call it so–
Leibovitz: I think it's great. Lin: Thank you so much, and thank you. I wish we had more time,
but I know you, as well as Noor, Chase, Idris are gonna be sticking
around, so thank you for that.

Thanks for joining us onstage,
and guys, Annie Leibovitz. Leibovitz: Okay. Thank you. Osterloh: Thank you so much, Annie. Amazing project. We're all huge fans.
That was awesome. Well, as you've seen today,
our vision for ambient computing is to create a single,
consistent experience across your home,
your work, and on the go. It's available anywhere you
want it whenever you need it. With the introduction
of our new Pixel phone, Pixel buds, Pixelbook Go, Nest Mini,
Nest Wi-Fi we're taking
a big step towards this vision
with much more to come.

And we couldn't get to all
the product experiences today, so if you're here with us,
in New York, there'll be a lot more product details
to see upstairs, in person. And for those on the live stream,
please go to the Google store online. See a lot more. Thanks so much for joining us today,
and we'll see you again soon. Thank you. Person: Guess what?
We play it louder. Louder. Bigger, better, prouder.
Ramp up the volume.

Turning up the power. Guess what?
Guess what? Right? Guess what? Guess what? Person: Hey, Google.
Turn it up. Person: Louder. Louder. I feel good.
I feel good. Person: Oh, yeah,
yeah, yeah, yeah, yeah. Person: I feel nice. I feel nice. Person: Oh, yeah, yeah,
yeah, yeah, yeah. Person: I feel ready. I feel ready. Person: Oh, yeah, yeah,
yeah, yeah, yeah. Person: Yeah that's right.
Yeah that's right.

this is the test

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